The industry norm for printed apparel is 50 washes,according to one figure you may have heard. DTG prints, however, are oftenbelieved to endure longer than that.
The industry norm for printed apparel is 50 washes,according to one figure you may have heard. DTG prints, however, are oftenbelieved to endure longer than that. A different perspective is thatdirect-to-garment printing typically endures the whole life of the garment and deteriorateswith it. True, DTG prints often aren't as long-lasting as screen prints.
DTG has only been operational for 15 years, yet during thattime technology has advanced at an incredible rate. This printing techniqueimproves in speed, cost, and print quality every year. Direct to Garment (DTG)printing is a fantastic method for leaving enduring traces on garments. You mayhave heard that DTG printing only holds up to 50 washes or that this is theindustry norm for printed garments.
The lifespan of a print actually depends more on a number ofother factors, including how frequently the garment is used, the temperature atwhich the garment is washed, the type of detergent used, and more. In reality,there is no magic number of washes that causes the print to disappear ordisappear, and the lifespan of a print depends more on these other factors. Aslong as the garment itself, a DTG print often lasts as well. White ink ont-shirts should be visible for 20 to 30 washes before beginning to degrade.Using a mild wash cycle, this may be gently expanded while being washed.
The question is, which type of printing—DTG or screenprinting—lasts longer on t-shirts? The reality is that DTG prints will endurejust as long as screen prints on clothing. They are strong, and just the energyof the design makes them a quick, effective, and budget-friendly choice foranyone who wants a supply of high-quality clothes. There are several variablesand aspects to take into account with DTG printing, so it is not as easy ashitting a button. In any event, technologically speaking, Kornit has achievedconsiderable strides in the overall DTG printing sector.
Additionally, they have made significant investments inhybrid screen printing, which combines DTG applications with a bottom substrateprinted with a screen. With DTG printing, you can be certain that you will havethe most up-to-date printing technology without having to shell out a lot ofmoney. Over the next five years, we anticipate the emergence of dozens more DTGprinting providers and manufacturers. The business strategy of the maker of DTGprinting is based on what is referred to as the "razor blade model."
A number of DTG printers, including one of the earliesttwo-deck DTG printers, are produced by Col-Desi. ColDesi has sold hundreds ofdirect-to-garment printers to people beginning new custom t-shirt businessesand to pros looking to expand their screen printing business to produce printedt-shirts more quickly and with greater quality. In comparison to screenprinting, DTG machines are able to give a bright bottom foundation(pretreatment of plastic particles and white titanium dioxide ink that promotesvitality), but the final results are still missing. Choose DTG for things likepictures unless you're an expert at printing complicated works of art (unlessthe customer requests a large quantity).
Due to their leadership in the production of DTG printingcomponents, Chinese manufacturers have a significant advantage. Customers maynotice a substantial amount of print fading as a result of frequent washing anddrying owing to the ink used by DTG printers and the manner the ink is applied.Despite this, DTG is still a respectably durable technology; nevertheless, forheavy-duty clothing and goods that will be cleaned frequently, screen printingis strongly advised. DTG printing is ideal for urgent orders like thoserequiring a few shirts in less than 24 hours.
Charge fairly for urgent orders, replacements, and reprintsbecause this kind of DTG printing is a premium service. But as time goes on,you'll see that DTG machine maintenance is necessary and that if you skip someof the steps, your printing will suffer.
Light fading is the primary component to take into accountwhen forecasting display permanence for the majority of types of digital photoprints (an exception is dye-based inkjet prints made on instant-dry photopapers). A normal home's temperature and relative humidity are maintained inextremely bright rooms by scientists in order to hasten the fading of the light.Photographers who wish to have faith in Wilhelm’s standard-based forecasts oflight fading should be aware of the following:
The Wilhelm calculation first assumes a brilliantlyilluminated indoor space with 450 lux on average over the course of 12 hoursevery day. The Kodak approach that was published assumes a room with 120 lux ofillumination for 12 hours each day. The Kodak approach will therefore forecasta longer period of lightfastness than the Wilhelm method.
The tests are carried out until just a little degree offading has happened, and 17 failure criteria are monitored, which is anotherstrict definition of failure in the Wilhelm standard.
In order to put the results of the long-term (>1 year)"slow fade" rate tests into perspective, they are carried out inlight chambers that are only 2–10 times brighter than the nominal real-worldsituation.
"Dark Fade" or room-temperature thermaldegradation
This element is the relatively gradual thermal deteriorationof paper and colorants that takes place even at room temperature. Thisphenomenon, which was once known as "dark fade," affects both savedand displayed photographs made using conventional silver-halide technology.Long-term testing lasting more than a year at a variety of high temperatures(such as 55–70°C) is necessary for the accelerated test. The outcomes are thenextrapolated to a forecast of room temperature, such as 25°C.
As long as the high-quality paper is utilized, dark fade isusually not a limiting permanence issue for ink jet picture prints since inkjet colorants (dye and pigment) are quite stable and may typically last 100+years at room temperature. Due to leftover chemicals from the developingprocess, thermal deterioration used to be a serious problem for conventionalcolor silver-halide photographs. Various heat deterioration statistics for inkjetand silver-halide pictures have been released by Wilhelm-Research.com. Thelong-term durability of dye sublimation prints is currently unclear since dyesublimation photographs cannot sustain the high temperatures used for theaccelerated test.
AKA "Ozone Fade," air fading
Within months of exposure, air fading can become apparent ininkjet photographs created with dye-based inks on extremely porous (such as"instant dry") picture sheets. The majority of consumer complaintsregarding ink jet prints fading too quickly were really caused by air fading onthese very porous sheets; light fading may have been a small factor. Thesecriticisms may have been avoided by using encapsulating photo sheets ratherthan instant-dry photo papers, or by glazing or laminating the prints.
Direct contact with airborne gases and contaminants,particularly ozone, causes an ink jet picture print to air fade. In acceleratedexperiments, ozone is exposed at high concentrations (more than 1 ppm) untilfading is clearly visible. On the basis of average indoor data, the months (oryears) of ozone fade resistance are then estimated (e.g., 40 ppm-hours of ozoneequivalent to one year "real world"). The assertions made bymanufacturers about air fade are not yet supported by a standard methodology;thankfully, Wilhelm-Research.com is now gathering ozone fade data to enableproduct comparisons.
Air fading can be significantly decreased by a protectivecoating on silver-halide photographs. On sheets using ink jet printers,
Ink jet pictures created with pigmented inks or self-encapsulating"swellable" layers in general are highly resistant to air/ozonefading and should endure decades even if exhibited without a protective cover.An example of this is HP Premium Plus Photo Paper. Dye sublimation ozoneresistance might last anywhere from a few years to several, according toWilhelm-Research.com.
Fastness of humidity
Colorants may migrate with prolonged exposure to relativehumidity levels over around 80%, which might result in color shifts or a lossof sharpness. Microbial growth and discoloration can result from prolongedexposure to extremely high humidity. Using observed color changes, testlaboratories may subjectively rate the relative humidity fastness of variousgoods by exposing prints to increased humidity for a few weeks. Using themanufacturer's branded paper that is suited to that specific type of ink willgenerally increase humidity fastness, similar to how light fade is improved.